SOCRATIC LOGIC PETER KREEFT PDF

South Bend, IN: St. Peter Kreeft provides an introductory textbook on the argumentative logic of Socrates in his book Socratic Logic. These three sections are based upon the three main functions of any argument. First, one must define the terms to see whether they are clear or ambiguous. Then, one must evaluate the premises to determine whether they are true or false.

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These three sections are based upon the three main functions of any argument. First, one must define the terms to see whether they are clear or ambiguous.

Then, one must evaluate the Peter Kreeft provides an introductory textbook on the argumentative logic of Socrates in his book Socratic Logic.

Then, one must evaluate the premises to determine whether they are true or false. Finally, one must test the argument to see whether the argument is valid or invalid. In other words, the terms are defined within the argument. A helpful section on material fallacies is given in chapter 3. Chapter 3 should be given great focus.

The reader will find the listing of 40 material fallacies quite helpful. Personally, I found it quite fascinating how often these fallacies are used in popular media and politics. For a person who is interested in logic--which it is assumed that the reader of this book would--great concentration will need to be given to the universal propositions A, E and particular propositions I, O given on page The third section of Socratic Logic focuses on the third test for logical accuracy which involves testing the argument for validity.

By far, the third section is the longest and most difficult of all. Kreeft provides an array of various arguments from the more basic syllogism to the more difficult enthymemes and epicheiremas. Kreeft gives some helpful information in the latter chapters as it pertains to reading books in a logical fashion. Chapter 15 gives excellent information on how to write logically. Chapter 16 is perhaps the capstone of the book. Socratic Logic finds strength in its layout.

Kreeft emphasizes the importance in knowing the three fundamentals of an argument: clarity of the terms, truthfulness of the premises, and the validity of the argument. The book is laid out according to these three fundamentals. While mathematical logic is extremely important, Socratic logic is applicable in everyday life.

It seems as if there is an instant bologna detector found in this form of logic. One will even find oneself evaluating posts on social media according to the principles learned in this book If a person is looking for an easy read, this book is not for you. Socratic Logic is a book that must be slowly digested rather than quickly consumed. If one does not care about how much they learn, then it is supposed that a person could read through the book much quicker. But if one did not care to learn the information, then why read it in the first place?

I strongly recommend this book to anyone who desires to know the truth and how to test truth claims. Relativists will not like this book because Kreeft presents truth as it truly is: objectively known.

Essentially, truth is calling something what it is. Truth, and the knowledge thereof, should be of utmost importance to all people.

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Peter Kreeft

Mar 17, Brian Chilton rated it it was amazing Peter Kreeft provides an introductory textbook on the argumentative logic of Socrates in his book Socratic Logic. These three sections are based upon the three main functions of any argument. First, one must define the terms to see whether they are clear or ambiguous. Then, one must evaluate the Peter Kreeft provides an introductory textbook on the argumentative logic of Socrates in his book Socratic Logic. Then, one must evaluate the premises to determine whether they are true or false. Finally, one must test the argument to see whether the argument is valid or invalid. In other words, the terms are defined within the argument.

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Socratic Logic

An excerpt from chapter 1: Section 3. The two logics P This section can be omitted without losing anything you will need later on in the book. Inductive reasoning could be very roughly and inadequately defined as reasoning from concrete particular instances, known by experience, while deduction reasons from general principles. Induction yields only probability, while deduction yields certainty. Today nearly all logic textbooks use the new mathematical, or symbolic, logic as a kind of new language system for deductive logic. It is not a new logic; logical principles are unchangeable, like the principles of algebra. It is more like changing from Roman numerals to Arabic numerals.

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