LA INVOLUCION HISPANOAMERICANA PDF

La obra del Dr. Rodolfo H. Plan complementario de Francia para este objetivo. Cuando se pierde la batalla reconocer al enemigo la victoria, pero reteniendo el poder. Volumen del contrabando.

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Generally called them the Albion Legion. They were composed of over seven thousand volunteers, mainly Napoleonic War veterans from Great Britain and Ireland, as well as some German veterans and some locals recruited after arriving in South America. Volunteers in the British Legion were motivated by a combination of both genuine political reaso Volunteers in the British Legion were motivated by a combination of both genuine political reasons and mercenary motives.

At the end of the Napoleonic Wars the British Empire no longer required a large standing army. In April , The Times calculated that there were , ex-soldiers in a British population of 25 million.

After a quarter-century of Continental wars—both the wars against Revolutionary France and the Napoleonic Wars—these men had no other employment history or trade and, therefore, often found themselves in poverty. Many Britons were still concerned by the threat that Spain, as a restored world power, potentially posed to Britain. The motivations of volunteers for the British Legions were mixed. This is the continental plan to liberate South America.

San Martin arrived in South America in with the intention of evicting the Spaniards from the Viceroyalty of Peru. The operations would have been designed at the Admiralty, in London, where San Martin remained three months before embarking, after his retirement from the Spanish Army.

For these reasons, particularly the former, the recruiting of British volunteers received tacit government support, even if in principle the British Crown discontinued its support to the insurgents after the Congress of Vienna in However mercenary interests also played a large part in motivating potential recruits, who were often unemployed, and who perceived South America as a land of immense wealth of which they would be able to have a share.

The recruits were encouraged by promises of pay equivalent to the British army and by promotion to one rank above that which they had held in the army.

The uniforms were similar to those worn by the British army which had been supplied by the firm of Herring and Richardson who had also fitted out the ships.

The Rifle Battalion joined the same month which saw Bolivar reorganise his forces. The Rifles, reinforced by another British troops who had recently arrived in South America, were then formed into two battalions.

National History Museum. Buenos Aires. From their base in El Plumerillo Mendoza, Argentina They had to endure the secretive and brutal crossing of the Andes from May to June during which the Patriot army suffered greatly including the British. Rooke then led the 2nd Rifles against the Spanish positions on the hills. A ferocious bayonet charge regained the positions for the Patriots but Rooke fell mortally wounded while Sandes was also wounded twice.

Despite heavy casualties the British troops distinguished themselves. There on 24 May , they fought on the flanks of a volcano at the Battle of Pichincha. The victory at Pichincha for the Patriot army secured independence for Ecuador. They took part in the last major campaign of the Independence wars in Peru during ; British volunteers, including the 1st Rifles under Sandes, were present at the Battle of Junin in August and the Battle of Ayacucho in December which marked the end of Spanish rule in South America.

British Legions fought until the end of the wars, their number much depleted. Many of the survivors settled in the new states that they helped to create. Nonetheless, for a long time they were largely forgotten to history. General Willam Miller Born December 2, in Wingham, Kent, Willam Miller was fluent in several languages by the age of seventeen, when he enrolled in the British army to fight in the Napoleonic Wars, taking part in the Siege of Badajoz and Battle of Vittoria under the Duke of Wellington gaining the rank of Colonel.

After the liberation of Lima, Peru he was appointed commander of the Peruvian Legion. General Miller - while suffering from malaria - played a big part in the Battle of Tarata: storming the hills and taking them when everything seemed to be lost. During these wars Miller was wounded twenty two times, and after his death the autopsy revealed he had carried two bullets in his liver for 40 years.

After the war was over, Miller settled in Lima. He held various public offices, but argued with Simon Bolivar after As a result, he was stripped of his rank as Grand Marshal of Peru and he threatened to send him to the firing squad. Same as did General Lavalle, lieutenant of the Grenadier Cavalry Regiment, whom he also threatened to execute him. Traditional historiography, for the most part, overlooks this execrable chapter starring Bolivar.

A documented chapter that has been ignored by the majority of Hispanic American historians to take care of the image of a genocide who murdered more than two thousand defenseless subordinates, arbitrarily and unnecessarily, since they were not killed in battle.

Years later Miller returned to Lima once Bolivar disappeared, and spent his last years in Peru until feeling the proximity of his death requested to be taken to a British ship that was in front of Callao where he died shortly after at the age of 66 years. After his death it was discovered that he still had in his liver two bullets lodged in his body, a memory of the more than twenty wounds he had received in his battles.

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