Kazilmaran This type is 5. A n approach that seeks to understand the class. Recent analysis of the geochemistry of sedi- little evidence for permanent settlement in the Punjab, excavationa in the Arabian Sea has suggested that the period Cholistan, Makran, Sindh, and southeast Baluchistan from around to B. Magee a la conquete islamique, ed. Tepe Yahya is positioned in the southwest field, and all of these drawing books were available forcorner of the Soghun Valley—an alluvial plain that runs examination.

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View PDF C. Lamberg Karllovsky, shown here with native workers at Tepe Yahya in south-east Iran, is director of the Harvard University excavation of that site.

Lamberg-Karlovsky recievd his Ph. His field research includes excavation in at Jerusalem and Hasanlu, a study tour archaeological sites and museums throughtout the Near East under a Wenner-Gren Fellowship in , and an archaeological survey in northeast Syria in Since he has been associated with Harvard University where he is now Professor of Anthropology. The last centuries before B. To date we are unable to establish a chronological priority of one over the other; nor can we fully assess the nature, extent, and processes of their parallel development and interrelations.

Excavations at a number of sites throughout southern Iran, undertaken since World War II, have appreciably increased our understanding. The American-led excavations of D. Dyson, Jr. Hakemi to Shah Dad have written a new chapter on the archaeology of southern Iran throughout the Uruk-Jemdet Nasr and later third millennium horizons.

The important continuing excavations at Tchoga Mish directed by H. Delougaz University of California at Los Angeles as well as the recently undertaken surveys and sondages of H. Wright University of Michigan and H. The proposed excavations at Tepe Malyun by W.

Since World War II American archaeologists have not directed their attention to the excavation of a comparable number of Early Bronze Age sites on the Iranian Plateau and northern Iran, where American interests have profitably focused on Neolithic and later first and second millennium sites. Based on radiocarbon dates the cultural sequence begins c. Of special interest to us here are Periods V B. Modern shrine with third millennium steatite objects reused over the tomb.

Steatite padlock-shaped object about B. Originally a weight? Height, ca. In Period IVB we have recovered a copper-bronze dagger which contained 3.

Professor R. If Tal-i Iblis and Yahya indicate the unsuspected importance of this area in the development of a metallurgical technology, the importance of Tepe Yahya as an emporium of stone resources is equally unexpected.

With the discovery of a nearby mine, steatite is known to be indigenous, and its abundance, over a thousand pieces in Period IVB—including objects of unfinished workmanship—strongly supports our contention that steatite was locally manufactured. Carved steatite bowls with similar motifs have recently been reported from the island of Tarut, Saudi Arabia, and their ceramic copies have been recovered from the excavated cairns of Umm-an Nar in the Persian Gulf.

Steatite objects Fig. A Steatite vessel, 16 cm. It was discovered in use on a modern village shrine together with other antiquities. A similar object identical in form and decorated with opposed snake heads, a common motif on steatite, was recently discovered in Soch Fergana , Soviet Uzbekistan.

A possible use for these perplexing objects as weights is presently being investigated. Similarly, the site of Shahr-i Sokhta has but three pieces of steatite but great quantities of lapis lazuli, whereas not a single piece of lapis has been found at Yahya in unequivocal Period IVB context.

In her analysis of the lapis lazuli trade she argues that this route shifted to the south following Jemdet Nasr times. This is borne out by the recent excavations in southeastern Iran.

In the late fourth millennium a shift occurred, which redirected the lapis trade through Shahr-i Sokhta and Shah Dad south possibly along the Persian Gulf? This shift may be seen as casually related to the consolidation of the proto-Elamite hegemony in southeastern Iran. Proto Elamite tablet from Susa. From the unequivocal context of the floor of a single room of Period IVC we have recovered six proto-Elamite tablets and eighty-four tablet blanks an indication of their being written at Yahya identical in both shape and signs to the proto-Elamite tablets ascribed to Susa Cb and Sialk IV.

In all three cases they appear stratigraphically before the appearance of the well-known Uruk type. The relationship of these prototypical beveled-rim bowls to their later Mesopotamian counterparts Warka XII-IV is not clear, nor is the relationship of the streak-burnished gray wares and incised wares Fig. Tablet blanks and inscribed talbets in situ at Tepe Yahya.

Throughout Periods IVC,B, Tepe Yahya clearly establishes a close pattern of contact and economic exchange with sites to the West; nevertheless, this is indicated less through ceramics than steatite, seals, and tablets.

No mature Harappan pottery has been found at Tepe Yahya! In Yahya IVB less than half a dozen polychrome black, red, yellow on buff Nal sherds and a single Amri sherd from the surface have been recovered. The absence of a Kulli element at Yahya may indicate either its later date or lack of its influence and presence in this area. Tosi and V. Sarianidy identify precise parallels in ceramics, seals, and figurines with Namazga Tepe V in Soviet Turkmenistan. At the same time, they demonstrate a rather distinctive character from that of the Early Bronze Age sites of the central Iranian Plateau.

Cite This Article: Lamberg-Karlovsky,. Expedition Magazine. Penn Museum, Web.


The Early Bronze Age of Iran as Seen from Tepe Yahya

T h e lage suggesting that Period III continued into the middle excavation of the site of Mleiha has provided evidence of the seventh century B. Under this soft-grey soil, evi- B were labeled in reference to those levels excavated in dence for a brick construction associated with two com- Test Trench 1. In any event, the analysis by Allchin of the Bhir m o u n d at Taxila redates most of the levels to earlier dates than were previously V thought Allchin Evidence for a kitchen or cooking area m a k e it impossible to state with any certainty what the was found in Area A N 2 where m a n y fragments of cook- wider context of these platforms was. We were unable to find this edition in any bookshop we are able to search. Through the production and autochthonous and allochthonous factors in shaping reception of regionally specific goods that were not fil- ancient settlement patterns in this region. This is the same type found in Period III cf. Your rating was saved.


Tepe Yahya



Excavations at Tepe Yahya, Iran, 1967-1975: The Third Millennium


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