Her father was a Methodist minister. In , she converted to Islam , while a student at the University of Pennsylvania , which she attended from to Education Edit In , Wadud graduated from the University of Pennsylvania with a bachelor of science. Wadud has spoken at universities, as well as grassroots, government and non-government forums throughout the United States , the Middle East , Southeast Asia , Africa and Europe.
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That fossilised clergy has such a strong hold on interpretation and on the majority of believers that thinking outside the box has become impossible, even dangerous. Yet that is exactly what Amina Wadud does, making her a controversial figure both home and abroad. Yet she has nurtured a deep faith for more than four decades, and excelled as an Islamic scholar. Circumstances have changed immensely since the time of revelation, and new interpretations must emanate from the world as it is today, with awareness of human rights and a global economy that requires women to carry as much of a financial burden as men.
For those that deny this possibility and staunchly claim that there only can be one interpretation of the scripture they ignore that "as they analyse the same sources, their diverse conclusions indicate that what is basic to "Islam" results from only the human interaction with those texts - an interpretive process.
Ultimately textual meaning is neither fixed nor static. Hermeneutics, as core to the act of interpretation, must be emphasised, since a single source can and has lead to diverse conclusions. When I engaged in such oversimplification and reductionist claims, I inadvertently implied I actually had the power to express and possess the "true" Islam. The arrogance of this claim allowed me to remove myself from the responsibility of standing against certain evils performed in the name of Islam". How many that seem to forget that judgment is in the hands of God, and not their own.
Wadud believes there are egalitarian qualities in Islam, that we in its practice must have full moral agency to be able to actively surrender ourselves to Allah. They are only a facility to its wholeness and wellbeing. They are taught to sacrifice or develop personal interests to the higher goal of family wellbeing. Meanwhile men and sons are encouraged to develop ideas of manhood as unlimited empowerment". She is not aiming for secularism, since her "analysis differs from secular articulations of social justice in that the total well-being of the human creature is not limited to the physical or material", and she conscious of what the label would bring on?
But sadly her aim at change from the inside is far from on the verge of taking root in any majority Muslim communities or other , since "theories were always based on the presumptions of the male Muslim as the normative human being", and that foundation will not easily budge.
Inside the Gender Jihad
Inside the Gender Jihad: Women's Reform in Islam
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